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Биология в современном мире (190,00 руб.)

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Первый авторБогомолова А. Ю.
АвторыКабанова О. В., Оренбургский гос. ун- т
ИздательствоОГУ
Страниц130
ID646145
АннотацияУчебное пособие представляет подборку аутентичных текстов по теме «Биология в современном мире» и систему упражнений к ним. Все упражнения рассчитаны на развитие речевых навыков и умений, способствуют достижению основных целей обучения иностранному языку в неязыковым вузе.
Кем рекомендованоУченым советом федерального государственного бюджетного образовательного учреждения высшего образования «Оренбургский государственный университет»
Кому рекомендованоУчебное пособие предназначено для студентов 1 и 2 курсов направлений подготовки 06.04.01 Биология и 35.03.08 Водные ресурсы и аквакультура.
ISBN978-5-7410-1822-4
УДК811.111:57(075.8)
ББК81.432.1я73 +28я73
Богомолова, А.Ю. Биология в современном мире : учеб. пособие / О.В. Кабанова; Оренбургский гос. ун- т; А.Ю. Богомолова .— Оренбург : ОГУ, 2017 .— 130 с. — ISBN 978-5-7410-1822-4 .— URL: https://rucont.ru/efd/646145 (дата обращения: 21.09.2021)

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Биология_в_современном_мире.pdf
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Биология_в_современном_мире.pdf
УДК 811.111:57(075.8) ББК 81.432.1я73 +28я73 Б 74 Рецензент - доцент, доктор педагогических наук, доцент В.В. Мороз Б 74 Богомолова, А.Ю. Биология в современном мире: учебное пособие/ А. Ю. Богомолова, О.В. Кабанова; Оренбургский гос. ун-т. – Оренбург: ОГУ, 2017. – 129 с. ISBN 978-5-7410-1822-4 Учебное пособие представляет подборку аутентичных текстов по теме «Биология в современном мире» и систему упражнений к ним. Оно предназначено для студентов 1 и 2 курсов направлений подготовки 06.04.01 Биология и 35.03.08 Водные ресурсы и аквакультура. Все упражнения рассчитаны на развитие речевых навыков и умений, способствуют достижению основных целей обучения иностранному языку в неязыковым вузе. УДК 811.111:57(075.8) ББК 81.432.1я73 +28я73 © Богомолова А.Ю., Кабанова О.В., 2017 © ОГУ, 2017 2
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Содержание Введение ....................................................................................................................... 9 1 Lesson 1. Biosphere (Биосфера) ........................................................................ 11 1.1 Exercise 1 ............................................................................................................. 11 1.2 Exercise 2 ............................................................................................................. 11 1.3 Exercise 3 ............................................................................................................. 12 1.4 Exercise 4 ............................................................................................................. 12 1.5 Exercise 5 ............................................................................................................ 12 1.6 Exercise 6 ............................................................................................................ 13 1.7 Exercise 7 ............................................................................................................. 14 1.8 Exercise 8 ............................................................................................................. 14 1.9 Exercise 9 ............................................................................................................. 14 1.10 Exercise 10 ......................................................................................................... 16 1.11 Exercise 11 ......................................................................................................... 17 1.12 Exercise 12 ......................................................................................................... 17 1.13 Exercise 13 ......................................................................................................... 17 1.14 Exercise 14 ......................................................................................................... 17 1.15 Exercise 15 ......................................................................................................... 17 1.16 Exercise 16 ......................................................................................................... 18 1.17 Exercise 17 ......................................................................................................... 20 2 Lesson 2. The biotic factors of environment (Биотические факторы среды) ....... 20 2.1 Exercise 1 .............................................................................................................. 20 2.2 Exercise 2 .............................................................................................................. 21 2.3 Exercise 3 .............................................................................................................. 21 2.4 Exercise 4 .............................................................................................................. 21 2.5 Exercise 5 .............................................................................................................. 22 2.6 Exercise 6 .............................................................................................................. 22 2.7 Exercise 7 .............................................................................................................. 23 2.8 Exercise 8 .............................................................................................................. 24 2.9 Exercise 9 .............................................................................................................. 24 3
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2.10 Exercise 10 .......................................................................................................... 24 2.11 Exercise 11 .......................................................................................................... 26 2.12 Exercise 12 .......................................................................................................... 26 2.13 Exercise 13 .......................................................................................................... 26 2.14 Exercise 14 .......................................................................................................... 26 2.15 Exercise 15 .......................................................................................................... 27 2.16 Exercise 16 .......................................................................................................... 27 2.17 Exercise 17 .......................................................................................................... 29 3 Lesson 3. Soil erosion (Эрозия почвы) ................................................................... 29 3.1 Exercise 1 .............................................................................................................. 29 3.2 Exercise 2 .............................................................................................................. 30 3.3 Exercise 3 .............................................................................................................. 30 3.4 Exercise 4 .............................................................................................................. 31 3.5 Exercise 5 .............................................................................................................. 31 3.6 Exercise 6 .............................................................................................................. 31 3.7 Exercise 7 .............................................................................................................. 32 3.8 Exercise 8 .............................................................................................................. 33 3.9 Exercise 9 .............................................................................................................. 33 3.10 Exercise 10 .......................................................................................................... 33 3.11 Exercise 11 .......................................................................................................... 33 3.12 Exercise 12 .......................................................................................................... 35 3.13 Exercise 13 .......................................................................................................... 36 3.14 Exercise 14 .......................................................................................................... 36 3.15 Exercise 15 .......................................................................................................... 37 3.16 Exercise 16 .......................................................................................................... 37 3.17 Exercise 17 .......................................................................................................... 39 4 Lesson 4. Conservation and rational use of forest resources (Сохранение и рациональное использование лесных ресурсов) .................................................... 39 4.1 Exercise 1 .............................................................................................................. 39 4.2 Exercise 2 .............................................................................................................. 40 4
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4.3 Exercise 3 .............................................................................................................. 40 4.4 Exercise 4 .............................................................................................................. 40 4.5 Exercise 5 .............................................................................................................. 41 4.6 Exercise 6 .............................................................................................................. 42 4.7 Exercise 7 .............................................................................................................. 42 4.8 Exercise 8 .............................................................................................................. 43 4.9 Exercise 9 .............................................................................................................. 43 4.10 Exercise 10 .......................................................................................................... 44 4.11 Exercise 11 .......................................................................................................... 46 4.12 Exercise 12 .......................................................................................................... 46 4.13 Exercise 13 .......................................................................................................... 46 4.14 Exercise 14 .......................................................................................................... 46 4.15 Exercise 15 .......................................................................................................... 46 4.16 Exercise 16 .......................................................................................................... 47 4.17 Exercise 17 .......................................................................................................... 48 4.18 Exercise 18 .......................................................................................................... 48 4.19 Exercise 19 .......................................................................................................... 49 5 Lesson 5. Conservation of the animal kingdom (Сохранение животного мира) .. 49 5.1 Exercise 1 ............................................................................................................ 49 5.2 Exercise 2 ............................................................................................................ 50 5.3 Exercise 3 ............................................................................................................ 50 5.4 Exercise 4 ............................................................................................................ 51 5.5 Exercise 5 ............................................................................................................ 51 5.6 Exercise 6 ............................................................................................................ 52 5.7 Exercise 7 ............................................................................................................ 52 5.8 Exercise 8 ............................................................................................................ 53 5.9 Exercise 9 ............................................................................................................ 53 5.10 Exercise 10 .......................................................................................................... 54 5.11 Exercise 11 .......................................................................................................... 56 5.12 Exercise 12 .......................................................................................................... 57 5
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5.13 Exercise 13 .......................................................................................................... 57 5.14 Exercise 14 .......................................................................................................... 57 5.15 Exercise 15 .......................................................................................................... 58 6 Lesson 6. World-known naturalists of the 18th century (Известные ученыеестествоиспытатели 18 века) .................................................................................... 59 6.1 Exercise 1 ............................................................................................................ 59 6.2 Exercise 2 ............................................................................................................ 59 6.3 Exercise 3 ............................................................................................................ 60 6.4 Exercise 4 ............................................................................................................ 60 6.5 Exercise 5 ............................................................................................................ 60 6.6 Exercise 6 ............................................................................................................ 62 6.7 Exercise 7 ............................................................................................................ 62 6.8 Exercise 8 ............................................................................................................ 62 6.9 Exercise 9 ............................................................................................................ 63 6.10 Exercise 10 .......................................................................................................... 64 6.11 Exercise 11 .......................................................................................................... 64 6.12 Exercise 12 .......................................................................................................... 65 6.13 Exercise 13 .......................................................................................................... 65 6.14 Exercise 14 .......................................................................................................... 66 6.15 Exercise 15 .......................................................................................................... 66 7 Lesson 7. The chromosome structure (Структура хромосомы) ............................ 67 7.1 Exercise 1 .............................................................................................................. 67 7.2 Exercise 2 .............................................................................................................. 67 7.3 Exercise 3 .............................................................................................................. 68 7.4 Exercise 4 .............................................................................................................. 68 7.5 Exercise 5 .............................................................................................................. 69 7.6 Exercise 6 .............................................................................................................. 70 7.7 Exercise 7 .............................................................................................................. 70 7.8 Exercise 8 .............................................................................................................. 70 7.9 Exercise 9 .............................................................................................................. 71 6
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7.10 Exercise 10 .......................................................................................................... 73 7.11 Exercise 11 .......................................................................................................... 73 7.12 Exercise 12 .......................................................................................................... 74 7.13 Exercise 13 .......................................................................................................... 74 7.14 Exercise 14 .......................................................................................................... 75 7.15 Exercise 15 .......................................................................................................... 75 7.16 Exercise 16 .......................................................................................................... 75 7.17 Exercise 17 .......................................................................................................... 75 7.18 Exercise 18 .......................................................................................................... 76 8 Lesson 8. The 21st century biology (Биология в 21 веке) .................................... 77 8.1 Exercise 1 .............................................................................................................. 77 8.2 Exercise 2 .............................................................................................................. 78 8.3 Exercise 3 .............................................................................................................. 78 8.4 Exercise 4 .............................................................................................................. 78 8.5 Exercise 5 .............................................................................................................. 79 8.6 Exercise 6 .............................................................................................................. 80 8.7 Exercise 7 .............................................................................................................. 80 8.8 Exercise 8 .............................................................................................................. 81 8.9 Exercise 9 .............................................................................................................. 81 8.10 Exercise 10 .......................................................................................................... 83 8.11 Exercise 11 .......................................................................................................... 84 8.12 Exercise 12 .......................................................................................................... 84 8.13 Exercise 13 .......................................................................................................... 85 8.14 Exercise 14 .......................................................................................................... 85 8.15 Exercise 15 .......................................................................................................... 85 8.16 Exercise 16 .......................................................................................................... 86 8.17 Exercise 17 .......................................................................................................... 86 9 Texts for auding ........................................................................................................ 87 9.1 The beginning of life ............................................................................................ 87 9.2 Different ways of getting food ............................................................................ 92 7
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9.3 The struggle to stay alive...................................................................................... 95 9.4 The endless chain of food ..................................................................................... 98 9.5 Coral-reefs .......................................................................................................... 100 10 Thought-provoking problem exercises ................................................................ 103 10.1 Work in a laboratory ......................................................................................... 103 10.2 Experiment ....................................................................................................... 104 10.3 Man and the biosphere ..................................................................................... 108 Список использованной литературы ..................................................................... 114 Приложение А .......................................................................................................... 116 8
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