The transition period era (the second half of the 17th-beginning of the 18th century) demonstrated multiple examples of the tradition substitution process, of transformation of the Russian literature genre system, of forming a new artistic paradigm, determining a new understanding of the author’s task. In such transformation process special attention is given to the new narrative style, which becomes a milestone of its era: the parable story. The parable story that appeared in Russian narrative tradition at the turn of the 17th-18th centuries caused the idea of a new way of perception demonstrated by the reader able to evaluate a ёctional plot. The article presents an analysis of Russian ёctional story, deёned in genre as a parable story. In the analysis of the story, the role of parable tradition manifests itself in the construction of the plot, in the images of the protagonists. The relevance of the article is determined by existence of a separate area of research engaged with the study of the narrative tradition in Russian literature of the transition period.